Scrub Up : References

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  2. CDC. Hygiene fast facts.
  3. CDC. Severe Outcomes Among Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) — United States, February 12–March 16, 2020. Retrieved from:
  4. del Carmen Huesca-Espitia, L., Aslanzadeh, J., Feinn, R., Joseph, G., Murray, T. S., & Setlow, P. (2018). Deposition of bacteria and bacterial spores by bathroom hot-air hand dryers. Applied Environmental Microbiology, 84(8), e00044-18.
  5. El Bcheraoui, C., Mokdad, A. H., Dwyer-Lindgren, L., Bertozzi-Villa, A., Stubbs, R. W., Morozoff, C., ... & Murray, C. J. (2018). Trends and patterns of differences in infectious disease mortality among US counties, 1980-2014. JAMA, 319(12), 1248-1260.
  6. Gerba, C. P. (2000). Assessment of enteric pathogen shedding by bathers during recreational activity and its impact on water quality. Quantitative Microbiology, 2(1), 55-68.
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  9. Judah, G., Aunger, R., Schmidt, W. P., Michie, S., Granger, S., & Curtis, V. (2009). Experimental pretesting of hand-washing interventions in a natural setting. American Journal of Public Health, 99(S2), S405-S411.
  10. Liu, M., Ou, J., Zhang, L., Shen, X., Hong, R., Ma, H., ... & Fontaine, R. E. (2016). Protective effect of hand-washing and good hygienic habits against seasonal influenza: a case-control study. Medicine, 95(11).
  11. Nazarko, L. (2009). Potential pitfalls in adherence to hand washing in the community. British Journal of community nursing, 14(2), 64-68.
  12. Nicas, M., & Best, D. (2008). A study quantifying the hand-to-face contact rate and its potential application to predicting respiratory tract infection. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 5(6), 347-352.
  13. Rabie, T., & Curtis, V. (2006). Handwashing and risk of respiratory infections: a quantitative systematic review. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 11(3), 258-267.
  14. van Doremalen, N., Bushmaker, T., Morris, D. H., Holbrook, M. G., Gamble, A., Williamson, B. N., ... & Lloyd-Smith, J. O. (2020). Aerosol and surface stability of SARS-CoV-2 as compared with SARS-CoV-1. New England Journal of Medicine. Retrieved from:

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